Çoklu Temsiller ve Matematik Öğretimi: Ders Kitapları Üzerine Bir İnceleme

Semahat İNCİKABI

Abstract


Bu araştırmada ortaokul matematik ders kitaplarında yer verilen temsil türleri belirlenmiş ve bu temsiller arasındaki geçişler sınıf içi ve sınıf dışı etkinlikler bağlamında analiz edilmiştir. Bu araştırma nitel bir araştırma olup, ortaokul matematik ders kitaplarında yer alan temsiller arasındaki geçiş durumlarını analiz etmek için doküman analizi yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Araştırma bulgularına göre ders kitaplarında en çok cebirsel temsillere yer verilirken sözel ve model temsillerde önemli oranlarda dağılımlara sahiptir. Diğer taraftan tablo, grafik ve gerçek yaşam temsillerine ders kitaplarında çok az oranlarda yer verilmesi dikkat çekmektedir. Temsiller arasında yer alan geçişlere bakıldığında, sınıf içi etkinliklerde temsiller arasındaki ilişkinin önemli oranlarda cebirsel, sözel ve model temsiller arasında olduğu görülmektedir. Benzer olarak sınıf dışı etkinliklerde de temsiller arasındaki ilişkinin önemli oranlarda cebirsel, sözel ve model temsiller arasında olduğu görülmektedir. Ayrıca sınıf içi ve sınıf dışı etkinliklerde de soruların gerek ifadesinde gerekse çözümünde tablo, gerçek yaşam ve grafik temsilleri çok az oranlarda tercih edildiği belirlenmiştir. 


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